According to a 2005 World Bank estimate, 42% of India falls below the international poverty line of $1.25 a day. Due to poverty, the problem of malnutrition among Indian children is increasing day by day. The World Health Organization Report reveals “that about 49 per cent of the world's underweight children, 34 per cent of the world's stunted children and 46 per cent of the world's wasted children, live in India."
Martin Luther king, Jr. rightly says: "It is a tragic mix-up when the United States spends $500,000 for every enemy soldier killed, and only $53 annually on the victims ofpoverty.”
A wide range of sympathy and a shrewd vision is required to alleviate the poverty. The indispensable steps to reduce this problem are 1. Promoting family planning
2. Urgent steps to educate the illiterate villagers and women
3. Improving agriculture techniques
After theeconomic reforms in India, poverty has declined to some extent. Emphasising that more job opportunities should be created, India’s Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh rightly says: “Special attention has to be paid to increasing agricultural productivity, particularly of small and marginal farmers. In industry, more systematic efforts have to be made to help smallfirms in mobilising resources for their growth.”
Mother Teresa (1910-1997), Noble Laureate of Peace, and Indian Missionary and Founder of the Missionaries of Charity, wisely remarks: “We think sometimes that poverty is only being hungry, naked and homeless. The poverty of being unwanted, unloved and uncared for is the greatest poverty. We must start in our own homes to remedy this kind of poverty.”