The grave issue of infant mortality has always revealed that unless we have better medical facilities for the infants, we won’t be able to prevent unfortunate, and unexpected deaths of infants. It is true that at times due to unavoidable circumustances, the infant mortality increases. For example, during the war we often find the increased infant mortality. During the war in Bosnia, there were so many immature births of the infants due to sexual abuse. It is most tragic that in the contemporary world, rape is at times used as a weapon to demoralize and conquer the enemy. There canbe no more painful thing than this. The following Shakespeare’s lines reveal that the modern war-mongers are ethical dwarfs:
Fair is foul and foul is fair
Hover through the fog and filthy air.
The war situation in a country is responsible for infant mortality to some extent.
There are other reasons also. Most of the infants die of dehydration, diarrhea, and pneumonia. There can be no bigger tragedy than the loss of child for the parents:
"God saw her getting tired, a cure was not to be.
So he wrapped her in his loving arms and whispered come with me.
She faced her pain with courage, until the very end
She tried too hard to stay with us, her fight was all in vain
God took her to his loving home, and freed her from all the pain."
The above lines aptly show that the parents’ hearts break as their little baby, love’s sweetest gift, suddenly dies. This is in fact called Sudden Infant Syndrome Death (SIDS). “SIDS is the leading cause of death among infants 1 month to 1 year old, and claims the lives of about 2,500 each year in the United States. It remains unpredictable despite years of research.”
The question is how to minimise infant mortality. The answer is high-quality child-care.
Judy Bigert rightly comments: “Research has shown time and time again that infants who receive the high-quality child care and early education programs do better in school, have more developed social skills, and display fewer behavior problems.”