While composing a metaphysical poem, we should combine dissimilar images, and discover “ occult resemblances in things apparently unlike.” .For example, we should remember Andrew Marvell’s comparison of the soul with a drop of dew, or Donne’s comparison of lovers with a pair of compass.
If you want to write a metaphysical poem, the following facts should be kept in mind.
The term ‘metaphysical’ was applied by Dr. Johnson to the 17th century English poet John Donne. Dryden rightly says: “ He affects the metaphysics, not only in his satires, but in his amorous verses.”
While composing a metaphysical poem, we should
The use of far-fetched images, conceits, strange paradox and intellectual wit is indispensable for creating a metaphysical poem.
We should use unusual and unexpected simile.
Looking beyond the palpable and real world adds to the beauty of a metaphysical poem.
You should always be in
We may remember that T.S. Eliot was highly impressed by the Metaphysical poet Donne (1572-16310 due to his capacity of “devouring all kinds of experience.” Whenever we desire to compose a metaphysical poem, we should use intellectual wit, learned imagery, and subtle argument. For example, see these lines from the greatest metaphysical poet Donne:
If they be two, they are two so
As stiff twin compasses are two ;
Thy soul, the fix'd foot, makes no show
To move, but doth, if th' other do.
-“A Valediction Forbidding Mourning”
In the above stanza we find that Donne has used the most unusual simile-comparison of the lovers with “stiff twin compasses”. In this comparison, we “feel an incongruity” (Gardner), which is the fundamental characteristic of Metaphysical poetry.